How to Create & Extract tar.gz and tar.bz2 Files in Linux

>How to create a compressed tar.gz file from a folder or file in Linux?

 

tar czf new-tar-file-name.tar.gz file-or-folder-to-archive

Here is the command explanation:

  • tar - the tar command.
  • c - create new archive.
  • z - compress the archive using gzip.
  • f - use archive file.
  • new-tar-file-name.tar.gz - the name of the tar.gz to create.
  • file-or-folder-to-archive - the name of the folder we want to archive.

>How to create a compressed tar.gz file from multiple files and folders in Linux?

 tar -czf new-tar-file-name.tar.gz file1 file2 folder1 folder2

>How to extract a compressed tar.gz file in Linux?

tar -xzf tar-file-name.tar.gz
Here is the command explanation:
  • tar - the tar command.
  • x - extract the archive.
  • z - uncompress the archive using gzip.
  • f - use archive file.
  • tar-file-name.tar.gz - the name of the tar.gz to create.
The tar command will extract all the files/folders in the archive to the current directory.

 

>How to extract a compressed tar.bz2 file in Linux?


Extracting tar.bz2 (bzip2 file) is very similar to the way you extract tar.gz file. Instead of using the -z flag you need to use the -j flag for the bzip2 format

tar -xvzf tar-file-name.tar.gz

Here is the command explanation:
  • tar - the tar command.
  • x - extract the archive.
  • j - filter the archive through bzip2
  • f - use archive file.
  • tar-file-name.tar.gz - the name of the tar.gz to create.
The tar command will extract all the files/folders in the archive to the current directory.

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